G20 Leaders´ Declaration Shaping an Interconnected World

Hamburg, 7/8 July 2017, G20 Leaders´ Declaration Preamble: We, the Leaders of the G20, met in Hamburg, Germany on 7-8 July 2017 to address major global economic challenges and to contribute to prosperity and well-being. Mastering the challenges of our age and shaping an interconnected world is the common goal of the G20 as our premier forum for international economic cooperation. The G20 revealed its strength during the global economic and financial crisis some ten years ago when it played a crucial role in stabilising economies and financial markets. What was true then continues to hold: We can achieve more together than by acting alone.

Progressing our joint objective in the G20 – strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive
growth – remains our highest priority.

Globalisation and technological change have contributed significantly to driving
economic growth and raising living standards across the globe. However, globalisation
has created challenges and its benefits have not been shared widely enough. By
bringing together developed and emerging market economies, the G20 is determined
to shape globalisation to benefit all people. Most importantly, we need to better
enable our people to seize its opportunities.

We are resolved to tackle common challenges to the global community, including
terrorism, displacement, poverty, hunger and health threats, job creation, climate
change, energy security, and inequality including gender inequality, as a basis for
sustainable development and stability. We will continue to work together with others,
including developing countries, to address these challenges, building on the rulesbased
international order.

Expanding on the results of previous presidencies, in particular the 2016 G20 Summit
in Hangzhou, we decide today to take concrete actions to advance the three aims of
building resilience, improving sustainability and assuming responsibility.

Sharing the Benefits of Globalisation
Prospering Global Economy: Current growth prospects are encouraging, though the
pace of growth is still weaker than desirable. We reaffirm our commitment to
international economic and financial cooperation to further strengthen growth and
safeguard against downside risks. We will continue to use all policy tools – monetary,
fiscal and structural – individually and collectively to achieve our goal of strong,
sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth, while enhancing economic and financial
resilience. Monetary policy will continue to support economic activity and ensure price
stability, consistent with central banks’ mandates. Fiscal policy will be used flexibly and
be growth-friendly while ensuring debt as a share of GDP is on a sustainable path. We
reinforce our commitment to structural reforms. We reaffirm our previous exchange
rate commitments. We will strive to reduce excessive global imbalances in a way that
supports global growth. We will promote greater inclusiveness, fairness and equality in
our pursuit of economic growth and job creation. To these ends, we endorse the
Hamburg Action Plan.

Trade and Investment: International trade and investment are important engines of
growth, productivity, innovation, job creation and development. We will keep markets
open noting the importance of reciprocal and mutually advantageous trade and
investment frameworks and the principle of non-discrimination, and continue to fight
protectionism including all unfair trade practices and recognise the role of legitimate
trade defence instruments in this regard. We will strive to ensure a level playing field,
in particular by promoting a favourable environment for trade and investment in this
regard. We further reaffirm the importance of transparency for predictable and
mutually beneficial trade relations. To this end, we value the monitoring activities by
the WTO, UNCTAD and OECD within their existing mandates. We commit to further
strengthen G20 trade and investment cooperation. We call on the OECD, WTO, World
Bank Group and IMF to continue their work to better understand trade impacts and
report back to G20 Leaders in 2018.

We recognise that the benefits of international trade and investment have not been
shared widely enough. We need to better enable our people to seize the opportunities
and benefits of economic globalisation. We agree to exchange experiences on the
mitigation of the adjustment costs of trade and investment liberalisation and
technological change, and on appropriate domestic policies, as well as to enhance
international cooperation towards inclusive and sustainable global growth.

We underline the crucial role of the rules-based international trading system. We note
the importance of bilateral, regional and plurilateral agreements being open,
transparent, inclusive and WTO-consistent, and commit to working to ensure they
complement the multilateral trade agreements. We welcome the entry into force of
the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement and call for its full implementation including
technical assistance to developing countries. We commit to work together with all
WTO members to make the eleventh WTO Ministerial Conference a success. To
further improve the functioning of the WTO, we will cooperate to ensure the effective
and timely enforcement of trade rules and commitments as well as improve its
negotiating, monitoring and dispute settlement functions.

International investment can play an important role in promoting inclusive economic
growth, job creation and sustainable development, and requires an open, transparent
and conducive global policy environment. We will seek to identify strategies to
facilitate and retain foreign direct investment.

Excess Capacities: Recognising the sustained negative impacts on domestic
production, trade and workers due to excess capacity in industrial sectors, we commit
to further strengthening our cooperation to find collective solutions to tackle this
global challenge. We urgently call for the removal of market-distorting subsidies and
other types of support by governments and related entities. Each of us commits to take
the necessary actions to deliver the collective solutions that foster a truly level playing
field. Therefore, we call on the members of the Global Forum on Steel Excess Capacity,
facilitated by the OECD, as mandated by the Hangzhou Summit, to fulfil their
commitments on enhancing information sharing and cooperation by August 2017, and
to rapidly develop concrete policy solutions that reduce steel excess capacity. We look
forward to a substantive report with concrete policy solutions by November 2017, as a
basis for tangible and swift policy action, and follow-up progress reporting in 2018.
Sustainable Global Supply Chains: Global Supply Chains can be an important source of
job creation and balanced economic growth. However challenges for achieving an
inclusive, fair and sustainable globalisation remain. In order to achieve sustainable and
inclusive supply chains, we commit to fostering the implementation of labour, social
and environmental standards and human rights in line with internationally recognised
frameworks, such as the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and the
ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and
Social Policy. Those countries that adhere to the OECD Guidelines for Multinational
Enterprises (OECD MNE Guidelines) commit to fostering them and welcome others to

We will work towards establishing adequate policy frameworks in our countries such
as national action plans on business and human rights and underline the responsibility
of businesses to exercise due diligence. We will take immediate and effective measures
to eliminate child labour by 2025, forced labour, human trafficking and all forms of
modern slavery. We welcome the Vision Zero Fund for to prevent work-place related
deaths and injuries and encourage enterprises and others to join.

We emphasise that fair and decent wages as well as social dialogue are other key
components of sustainable and inclusive global supply chains. We support access to
remedy and, where applicable, non-judicial grievance mechanisms, such as the
National Contact Points for the OECD MNE Guidelines (NCPs). We will encourage
multinational companies to conclude international framework agreements as
appropriate. Recognising the ongoing work of the Global Partnership for Financial
Inclusion (GPFI), we promote better access to financing, technology, and training
facilities that help improve the capacity of micro, small and medium enterprises to
integrate into sustainable and inclusive global supply chains.

Harnessing Digitalisation: Digital transformation is a driving force of global,
innovative, inclusive and sustainable growth and can contribute to reducing inequality
and achieving the goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. To this end,
we need to bridge digital divides along multiple dimensions, including income, age,
geography and gender. We will strive to ensure that all our citizens are digitally
connected by 2025 and especially welcome infrastructure development in low-income
countries in that regard. We will promote digital literacy and digital skills in all forms of
education and life-long learning. We recognise that information and communication
technology (ICT) plays a crucial role in modernizing and increasing efficiency in public
administration. We recognise the important role that SMEs and start-ups play in the
development of a full range of new and innovative business models and will promote
better access to financial resources and services and a more entrepreneurial friendly

We aim to foster favourable conditions for the development of the digital economy
and recognise the need to ensure effective competition to foster investment and
innovation. We will continue to promote effective cooperation of all stakeholders and
encourage the development and use of market- and industry-led international
standards for digitised production, products and services that are based on the
principles of openness, transparency and consensus and standards should not act as
barriers to trade, competition or innovation. They can promote interoperability and
security in the use of ICT.

Trust in digital technologies requires effective consumer protection, intellectual
property rights, transparency, and security in the use of ICT. We support the free flow
of information while respecting applicable legal frameworks for privacy, data
protection and intellectual property rights. The G20 Roadmap for Digitalisation will
help us guide our future work.

We are committed to help ensure a secure ICT environment in which all sectors are
able to enjoy its benefits and reaffirm the importance of collectively addressing issues
of security in the use of ICTs.
We will constructively engage in WTO discussions relating to E-commerce and in other
international fora with responsibilities related to various aspects of digital trade to
foster digital economy development and trade. We will sustain and improve, as
appropriate, predictable and transparent frameworks on digital trade. Intensified and
concerted action is needed to enhance the ability of developing and least developed
countries to more fully engage in digital trade.

Boosting Employment: Well-functioning labour markets contribute to inclusive and
cohesive societies and resilient economies. Digitalisation offers the opportunity for
creating new and better jobs, while at the same time raising challenges regarding skills,
social protection and job quality. We therefore recognise the need to educate and train
people with the necessary skills for the future of work, the importance of opportunities
to re- and upskill throughout their working lives, and assist them to successfully adapt
to change, in accordance with each member´s domestic social framework.

Acknowledging the increasing diversity of employment, we will assess its impact on
social protection and working conditions and continue to monitor global trends,
including the impact of new technologies, demographic transition, globalisation and
changing working relationships on labour markets. We will promote decent work
opportunities during the transition of the labour market. We look forward to a
continuous exchange on national experiences and practices.

We recognise the important role of vocational education and training, including quality
apprenticeship in integrating young people into the labour market. In this regard, we
acknowledge that it is particularly effective when it provides coordinated high quality
school- and work-based learning and when it is built on cooperation among
governments, business communities and social partners.

Building Resilience
Resilient Global Financial System: An open and resilient financial system, grounded in
agreed international standards, is crucial to supporting sustainable growth. We remain
committed to the finalisation and timely, full and consistent implementation of the
agreed G20 financial sector reform agenda. We will work to finalise the Basel III
framework without further significantly increasing overall capital requirements across
the banking sector, while promoting a level playing field. We will continue to closely
monitor and, if necessary, address emerging risks and vulnerabilities in the financial
system. We emphasise the considerable progress made towards transforming shadow
banking into resilient market based finance since the financial crisis and welcome the
FSB assessment of the monitoring and policy tools available to address risks from
shadow banking. We support the FSB’s work to analyse the effects of financial
regulatory reforms and the structured framework for post-implementation evaluation.
Acknowledging that malicious use of ICT could endanger financial stability, we
welcome the progress of the FSB’s work and look forward to a stock-take report in
October 2017.

International Financial Architecture: We need strong, effective and representative
global economic and financial institutions to underpin growth and sustainable
development. As laid out in the Hamburg Action Plan, we will continue to improve the
system underpinning international capital flows and emphasise the need to promote
sound and sustainable financing practices. We will enhance the international financial
architecture and the global financial safety net with a strong, quota-based and
adequately resourced IMF at its centre. We look forward to the completion of the 15th
General Review of IMF Quotas, including a new quota formula, by the Spring Meetings
2019 and no later than the Annual Meetings 2019, and support ongoing work to
further enhance the effectiveness of its lending toolkit. We endorse the MDBs’ Joint
Principles and Ambitions on Crowding-In Private Finance (“Hamburg Principles and
Ambitions”) and welcome their work on optimising balance sheets and boosting
investment in infrastructure and connectivity.

International Tax Cooperation and Financial Transparency: We will continue our
work for a globally fair and modern international tax system and welcome international
cooperation on pro-growth tax policies. We remain committed to the implementation
of the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) package and encourage all relevant
jurisdictions to join the Inclusive Framework. We look forward to the first automatic
exchange of financial account information under the Common Reporting Standard
(CRS) in September 2017. We call on all relevant jurisdictions to begin exchanges by

September 2018 at the latest. We commend the recent progress made by jurisdictions
to meet a satisfactory level of implementation of the agreed international standards on
tax transparency and look forward to an updated list by the OECD by our next Summit
reflecting further progress made towards implementation. Defensive measures will be
considered against listed jurisdictions. We continue to support assistance to developing
countries in building their tax capacity. We are also working on enhancing tax certainty
and with the OECD on the tax challenges raised by digitalisation of the economy. As an
important tool in our fight against corruption, tax evasion, terrorist financing and
money laundering, we will advance the effective implementation of the international
standards on transparency and beneficial ownership of legal persons and legal
arrangements, including the availability of information in the domestic and crossborder

Safeguarding against Health Crises and Strengthening Health Systems: The G20 has a
crucial role in advancing preparedness and responsiveness against global health
challenges. With reference to the results of the G20 health emergency simulation
exercise, we emphasise the value of our ongoing, trust-building, cross-sectoral
cooperation. We recall universal health coverage is a goal adopted in the 2030 Agenda
and recognize that strong health systems are important to effectively address health
crises. We call on the UN to keep global health high on the political agenda and we
strive for cooperative action to strengthen health systems worldwide, including
through developing the health workforce. We recognise that implementation of and
compliance with the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) is critical for efficient
prevention, preparedness and response efforts. We strive to fully eradicate polio. We
also acknowledge that mass movement of people can pose significant health
challenges and encourage countries and International Organisations to strengthen
cooperation on the topic. We support the WHO´s central coordinating role, especially
for capacity building and response to health emergencies, and we encourage full
implementation of its emergency reform. We advocate for sufficient and sustainable
funding to strengthen global health capacities, including for rapid financing
mechanisms and the WHO’s Health Emergencies Programme. Furthermore, we see a
need to foster R&D preparedness through globally coordinated models as guided by
the WHO R&D Blueprint, such as the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations

Combatting Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR): AMR represents a growing threat to
public health and economic growth. To tackle the spread of AMR in humans, animals
and the environment, we aim to have implementation of our National Action Plans,
based on a One-Health approach, well under way by the end of 2018. We will promote
the prudent use of antibiotics in all sectors and strive to restrict their use in veterinary
medicine to therapeutic uses alone. Responsible and prudent use of antibiotics in food
producing animals does not include the use for growth promotion in the absence of
risk analysis. We underline that treatments should be available through prescription or
the veterinary equivalent only. We will strengthen public awareness, infection
prevention and control and improve the understanding of the issue of antimicrobials in
the environment. We will promote access to affordable and quality antimicrobials,
vaccines and diagnostics, including through efforts to preserve existing therapeutic
options. We highlight the importance of fostering R&D, in particular for priority
pathogens as identified by the WHO and tuberculosis. We call for a new international
R&D Collaboration Hub to maximise the impact of existing and new anti-microbial
basic and clinical research initiatives as well as product development. We invite all
interested countries and partners to join this new initiative. Concurrently, in
collaboration with relevant experts including from the OECD and the WHO, we will
further examine practical market incentive options.

Improving Sustainable Livelihoods
Energy and Climate: A strong economy and a healthy planet are mutually reinforcing.
We recognise the opportunities for innovation, sustainable growth, competitiveness,
and job creation of increased investment into sustainable energy sources and clean
energy technologies and infrastructure. We remain collectively committed to mitigate
greenhouse gas emissions through, among others, increased innovation on sustainable
and clean energies and energy efficiency, and work towards low greenhouse-gas
emission energy systems. In facilitating well-balanced and economically viable longterm
strategies in order to transform and enhance our economies and energy systems
consistent with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, G20 members will
collaborate closely. Recalling the G20 Principles on Energy Collaboration, we regard
energy security as one of the guiding principles for the transformation of our energy
systems, and we will continue to work on open, flexible, and transparent markets for
energy commodities and technologies. We welcome international cooperation on the
development, deployment, and commercialisation of sustainable and clean energy
technologies and support financing by Multilateral Development Banks to promote
universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and clean energy.

1 Noting differences in the G20 country definitions of the term “antibiotics” and referring here to those antibiotics with an impact
on human health, including those antimicrobials that are critically important for human medicine as defined by the WHO.

We take note of the decision of the United States of America to withdraw from the
Paris Agreement. The United States of America announced it will immediately cease
the implementation of its current nationally-determined contribution and affirms its
strong commitment to an approach that lowers emissions while supporting economic
growth and improving energy security needs. The United States of America states it
will endeavour to work closely with other countries to help them access and use fossil
fuels more cleanly and efficiently and help deploy renewable and other clean energy
sources, given the importance of energy access and security in their nationally determined

The Leaders of the other G20 members state that the Paris Agreement is irreversible.
We reiterate the importance of fulfilling the UNFCCC commitment by developed
countries in providing means of implementation including financial resources to assist
developing countries with respect to both mitigation and adaptation actions in line
with Paris outcomes and note the OECD’s report “Investing in Climate, Investing in
Growth”. We reaffirm our strong commitment to the Paris Agreement, moving swiftly
towards its full implementation in accordance with the principle of common but
differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different
national circumstances and, to this end, we agree to the G20 Hamburg Climate and
Energy Action Plan for Growth as set out in the Annex.

Leading the Way towards Sustainable Development: The adoption of the 2030
Agenda represented a milestone towards global sustainable development. We call on
countries to work with stakeholders to strive towards its ambitious and integrated
implementation and timely realisation in accordance with national circumstances. We
commit to further align our actions with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
Development and its integral part, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for
Development, domestically and internationally, including in support of developing
countries and the provision of public goods.

Building on the G20’s Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,
the Hamburg Update emphasises our collective and concrete commitments. We
support the central role of the high-level political forum on sustainable development
and other key UN processes towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
We will also engage in voluntary peer learning on the implementation of the 2030
Agenda and call upon others to join this important exercise as a complementary action
towards Voluntary National Reviews.

The Annual Progress Report documents for the first time progress on selected prior
G20 commitments on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. Recognising the
importance of financial inclusion as a multiplier for poverty eradication, job creation,
gender equality, and women’s empowerment, we support the ongoing work of the
Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion and welcome the 2017 G20 Financial
Inclusion Action Plan. We note the UN Secretary-General´s proposal to establish an
International Finance Facility for education taking into account other existing
initiatives, such as the Global Partnership for Education and Education Cannot Wait,
and look forward to examining it in further detail under Argentina’s Presidency with a
view to making recommendations on it.

Women’s Empowerment: Enhanced equal access to the labour market, property,
quality employment and financial services for women and men are fundamental for
achieving gender equality and full realisation of their rights as well as a prerequisite for
sustainable and inclusive growth. We are making progress in achieving our 2014
Brisbane commitment to reduce the gender gap in labour force participation by 25
percent by 2025 but agree that more needs to be done. We also commit to take further
action to improve the quality of female employment and eliminate employment
discrimination, and reduce gender compensation gaps and provide women with
protection from all forms of violence. We will improve women´s access to labour
markets through provision of quality education and training, supporting infrastructure,
public services and social protection policies and legal reforms, where appropriate.
Digitalisation and access to ICT serve as powerful catalysts for the economic
empowerment and inclusion of women and girls. Access to STEM (Science,
Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) related trainings and occupations is
therefore key to establish an enabling environment for women’s empowerment. We
welcome the launch of the #eSkills4Girls initiative to promote opportunities and equal
participation for women and girls in the digital economy, in particular in low income
and developing countries (see Annex).

In order to scale up support for women´s entrepreneurship, we welcome the launch of
the Women Entrepreneurs Financing Initiative (We-Fi), housed at the World Bank
Group (see Annex). The We-Fi will support ongoing G20 efforts to reduce barriers to
financial inclusion and increase women´s access to capital, markets and technical
assistance as well as contribute to achieving the goals of the G20 Africa Partnership
and the G20 Entrepreneurship Action Plan. We will also establish a Business Women
Leaders’ Taskforce, which will, in close cooperation with the W20 and B20, bring
together business women from G20 countries to examine ways to increase women´s
participation in the economy and will make recommendations at next year’s summit on
the implementation of G20 commitments regarding the economic empowerment of

Towards Food Security, Water Sustainability and Rural Youth Employment: Water is
an essential and precious resource. In order to achieve food security, we are committed
to increase agricultural productivity and resilience in a sustainable manner, while
aiming to protect, manage and use efficiently water and water-related ecosystems. In
order to harness the potential of ICT, we stress the need for strengthened cooperation
on ICT in agriculture and underline the importance of access to high-speed digital
services for farmers and of adequately serving rural areas. To enhance transparency in
global food markets, we call for a strengthening of the Agricultural Market Information
System (AMIS) and an active engagement of its entire membership. We underline that
making markets function better can contribute to reducing food price volatility and
enhance food security. It is vital for farmers to be profitable and, along with
consumers, have access to national, regional and international markets.

We launch the G20 Initiative for Rural Youth Employment in developing countries with
a focus on Africa. This Initiative will, in alignment with developing countries’ strategies,
contribute to creating 1.1 million new jobs by 2022 and to providing innovative skills
development programmes for at least 5 million young people over the next five years.
Recognising the famine in some areas of South Sudan and risk of famine in Somalia,
Yemen and North-Eastern Nigeria, we are more than ever committed to act with the
required urgency, supporting UN agencies and other humanitarian and development
organisations in a coordinated and comprehensive response to save lives and support
conditions for sustainable development. We recognise the contributions made by
different G20 members in line with the UN appeal for humanitarian assistance which
represents over two thirds of the funding received for immediate requirements. We
will further strengthen our humanitarian engagement and reaffirm our commitment to
addressing the underlying causes of recurrent and protracted crises.

Resource Efficiency and Marine Litter: We launch two initiatives to contribute to the
implementation of the 2030 Agenda and to reflect our commitment to sustainable
development, as outlined in the Annexes. The G20 Resource Efficiency Dialogue will
exchange good practices and national experiences to improve the efficiency and
sustainability of natural resource use across the entire life cycle, and to promote
sustainable consumption and production patterns. The G20 Marine Litter Action Plan
seeks to prevent and reduce marine litter, including by considering its socio-economic

Assuming Responsibility
Africa Partnership: We launch the G20 Africa Partnership in recognition of the
opportunities and challenges in African countries as well as the goals of the 2030
Agenda. Our joint efforts will foster sustainable and inclusive economic growth and
development, in response to the needs and aspirations of African countries,
contributing to create decent employment particularly for women and youth, thus
helping to address poverty and inequality as root causes of migration. The Partnership
includes related initiatives, such as #eSkills4Girls, Rural Youth Employment, African
Renewable Energy and facilitates investment Compacts, as outlined in the Annex.
We welcome the outcomes of the G20 Africa Partnership Conference in Berlin, which
highlighted the need for joint measures to enhance sustainable infrastructure, improve
investment frameworks as well as support education and capacity building. Individual
priorities for “Investment Compacts” were put forward by Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia,
Ghana, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal and Tunisia. Led by the respective African countries,
the African Development Bank, IMF and WBG as well as the G20 and other partners,
these Compacts aim to mobilise private investment as well as promote efficient use of
public funding.

We are ready to help interested African countries and call on other partners to join the
initiative. We support the goals of the Partnership through complementary initiatives
as well as encourage the private sector to seize African economic opportunities in
supporting sustainable growth and employment creation.

Based on equal partnership, we strongly welcome African ownership and commit to
align our joint measures with regional strategies and priorities, in particular the African
Union’s Agenda 2063 and its Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa
(PIDA). The African Union and its specialised agency, the New Partnership for Africa’s
Development (NEPAD), are important partners in its implementation and monitoring.
Stepping up Coordination and Cooperation on Displacement and Migration: The
world is experiencing historic levels of migration and forced displacement. While
migration is influenced by many political, social and economic developments, the main
drivers of forced displacement include conflicts, natural disasters as well as human
rights violations and abuses. Migration and forced displacement trends are of major
relevance for countries of origin, transit and destination. The social and economic
benefits and opportunities of safe, orderly and regular migration can be substantial.
Forced displacement and irregular migration in large movements, on the other hand,
often present complex challenges.

We support those countries that choose to develop pathways for migration, underline
the importance of nationally determined integration and endorse the G20 Policy
Practices for the Fair and Effective Labour Market Integration of Regular Migrants and
Recognised Refugees. We emphasise the sovereign right of states to manage and
control their borders and in this regard to establish policies in their own national
interests and national security, as well as the importance that repatriation and
reintegration of migrants who are not eligible to remain be safe and humane. We
commit to countering migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings and we are
determined to take action against people smugglers and traffickers.
We seek to address the root causes of displacement. We call for concerted global
efforts and coordinated and shared actions, in particular with respect to countries and
communities that are under high social, political and financial pressure, and for
combining both an emergency approach and a long-term one. To this end, we
acknowledge the importance of establishing partnerships with countries of origin and
transit. We will promote sustainable economic development in those countries.
We commit to addressing the distinct needs of refugees and migrants, in particular
close to their region of origin and, when applicable, to enable them to return home
safely. At the same time, we place special emphasis on vulnerable groups, including
women at risk and children, particularly those unaccompanied, and to protecting the
human rights of all persons regardless of their status.

We call for improving the governance of migration and providing comprehensive
responses to displacement and recognise the need to develop tools and institutional
structures accordingly. Therefore, we look forward to the outcome of the UN process
towards Global Compacts on Refugees and for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration,
both envisaged to be adopted in 2018. We emphasise the need for monitoring global
displacement and migration, as well as its economic consequences. To this end, we ask
the OECD, in cooperation with ILO, IOM and UNHCR, to update us annually on trends
and policy challenges.

Fighting Corruption: We remain committed to fighting corruption, including through
practical international cooperation and technical assistance, and will continue to fully
implement the G20 Anti-Corruption Action Plan 2017-18. We endorse four sets of
High Level Principles aimed at fostering integrity in the public and private sector. By
endorsing the High Level Principles on the Liability of Legal Persons, we commit to
ensuring that not only individual perpetrators but also companies benefitting from
corruption can be held liable. We commit to organising our public administrations to
be more resilient against corruption. We will intensify our fight against corruption
related to illegal trade in wildlife and wildlife products. Wildlife trafficking is a threat to
the planet’s biodiversity, economic development, and, among others, health and
security, and is facilitated by high levels of corruption, which the G20 cannot tolerate.
We also endorse the High Level Principles on Countering Corruption in Customs and
publish a guide on requesting international cooperation in civil and administrative
proceedings. We will continue our work to address integrity in sports and urge
international sports organisations to intensify their fight against corruption by
achieving the highest global integrity and anti-corruption standards. In this respect, we
strive for a common understanding regarding corruption risks in bids to host major
sport events. We are also committed to fighting corruption in contracts, including in
the natural resources sector. We call for ratification and implementation by all G20
members of the UN Convention against Corruption and for a strong involvement in its
review process.

We thank Germany for hosting a successful Hamburg Summit and its contribution to
the G20 process, and look forward to meeting again in Argentina in 2018, in Japan in
2019 and in Saudi Arabia in 2020.

Agreed Documents
Hamburg Action Plan
Climate and Energy Action Plan for Growth
Hamburg Update: Taking forward the G20 Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda
Annual Progress Report 2017
G20 Action Plan on Marine Litter
G20 Africa Partnership
G20 Initiative for Rural Youth Employment
High Level Principles on the Liability of Legal Persons for Corruption
High Level Principles on Organizing against Corruption
High Level Principles on Countering Corruption in Customs
High Level Principles on Combatting Corruption related to Illegal Trade in Wildlife and
Wildlife Products
G20 Initiative #eSkills4Girls
Women Entrepreneurs Finance Initiative
G20 Resource Efficiency Dialogue